The Last Lesson Summary – The last lesson author name Alphonse Dauder. He was born in 1840 in France & Died in 1897. Here describe the last lesson summary, theme, justify the title, message, complex word meaning, important short, long types question and answers of NCERT English chapter 1 class 12 flamingo books.
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The Last Lesson Summary
The Last Lesson set in the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, in which Prussia, led by Bismarck, defeated France, and the French districts of Alsace and Lorraine entered Prussia’s hands.
The story has two protagonists, M. Hamel and Franz. M. Hamel studied French at a school and Franz is one of his students. The story tells how war proves to be a transformative event for both.
Introduction: Franz is not keen on going to school
Franz started going to school very late in the morning. His French teacher, M. Hamel, had announced that he would problem the class participants.
Pitiable Franz did not know a single word about him and was horrified at being scolded by his teacher. It was a sunny day, and moment Franz thought of running away and spending the day outside.
The tweeting of birds and the drilling of Prussian armed forces was much more attractive than the participants’ rules. However, Franz was able to fight the excitement and spur-of-the-moment to school.
On the way to school, Franz saw a crowd standing in front of a bulletin board passing through the town hall, so he only heard terrible news for the last two years, so he thought he had done the case, as he was hurrying into the past.
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The waiter, the blacksmith, called him and said it was too late to reach school. He thought he was making fun of her. Then he has reached the school’s panting.
He had to open the door and reached his seat in front of everyone. He was blushing and became very afraid. It made me very surprised and confused that instead of scolding, M. Hamel spoke to her very politely and asked her to sit in her seat.
After Franz calmed down, he noticed that M. Hamel was wearing some different clothes. That’s what Hamel wore only on special occasions.
The whole school was doing excellent practices, and the atmosphere was solemn. But the thing that surprised me the most was that he wanted to see the village people sitting quietly on his back. They all looked unfortunate, and everyone had sadness on their faces.
Order from Berlin: the Last Lesson Summary
Franz was still wondering as he observed the changes around him when M. Hamel mounted on his chair and made the dreadful announcement. He told the class that it was there, the last lesson summary of French.
The order had come from Berlin to teach only German in Alsace and Lorraine’s schools, and he would be departure the school the after that day. These words were like a thunderclap to little Franz. Now he remembered the gathering at the town hall.
Franz was shocked by the abrupt turn of dealings. He regretted not having learned his lessons when there was still time.
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Now, he will never be able to learn them. He had wasted his precious time away from the class, engaging himself in trivial pursuits like seeking bird’s eggs, going sliding on the Saar, etc. His books, which were a nuisance to him, suddenly felt like old friends. His feelings for his teacher, too, started changing.
The thought that M. Hamel was going away and never seeing him again made him forget all about his ruler and how cranky M. Hamel was. Franz was feeling very sorry for him.
It was honor of the last lesson summary that he had put on his fine clothes, and the village people had gathered there to say their thanks towards him and show their value for their country.
When Franz was thinking this, he called his name; it was his turn to narrate. I would have given him everything if he had said it more clearly than the rule, but unluckily he got mixed up on the first words. He was blushing and stood up, holding his desk.
M. Hamel said that he would not beat Franz. He criticized the people of Alsace for their habit of keeping them from learning until the next day. He blamed himself for not giving his parents interest in his studies.
He blamed himself for this as well. Frequently, he sent students to water their plants or discharged them when they hunted to go fishing; it was their fault.
Significance of Mother Tongue
M. Hamel spoke about the French language when he called it the most attractive, most explicit, and most logical language in the world. He wanted the people of France to retain their language among themselves.
According to him, whenever people of a particular nation are imprisoned, they fast for their language; it seems as if they have a key to jail.
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M. Hamel opened a grammar book and qualified him for the last lesson summary. Franz was surprised to see how well he understood everything.
He thought that perhaps he never paid much attention to the class and that M. Hamel had never explained everything with so much patience. He then had a written text.
M. Hamel brings new copies for him that day, and everyone was engrossed in their work. Even small children sitting in the classroom were tracing their fish hooks as if they were French.
Last goodbye of The Last Lesson Summary
While doing all this, M. Hamel remained motionless in his chair when Franz thought that M. Hamel watched this classroom scene.
In support of 40 years, M. Hamel had worked sincerely in his school, and now he was about to leave. His sister was packing his luggage. All this is heartbreaking for him. In “the last lesson summary”, that was a history lesson.
Anyway, if a person does any work with complete impunity, someone will eventually become emotional. Some even started crying, but M. Hamel listened to each “the last lesson summary” with courage and patience. Finally, as the church clock struck twelve, M. Hamel stood upright.
He had also become affecting. He tried to speak but was suffocated. Then he turned to the blackboard and wrote as big as he could Vive La France! That means long-lived France. He then dismissed the class, signaling everyone to depart.
NCERT Book Difficult Word Meanings: The Last Lesson Summary
The given page numbers correspond to the pages in the CBSE class 12 the last lesson summary NCERT textbook.
List of word meaning of chapter the last lesson summary:
- Dread- fear, phobia, terror, apprehension, misgiving
- Drilling- practice, exercises, exercise, training, praxis
- Resist- resistance, opposition, protest, opposite, antagonism
- Apprentice- trainee, seminaries, novitiate
- Bustle- stir, bustling, ado, commotion, clutter
- Unison- harmony, consistency, consistency, adjustment, correspondence
- Rapping- incrimination, knocks, clatter, dab, take the rap
- Counted on- rely upon, rest, depend, rely on, keep the faith, remain
- Commotion- stir, bustling, bustle, ado, clutter
- Blushed- abash, be shy, make ashamed, feel abashed, put to shame
- Solemn- serious, grave, profound, sedate, heavy
- Primer- prayer book
- Thunderclap- thunderbolt, wallop, thunder peal, thunder stroke
- Wretches- poor creature, poor soul, poor thing, poor unfortunate
- Saar- a river in Western Germany, Rising in the Vosges Mountains in eastern France
- Cranky- lank, scrawny, slight, scraggy, spindly
- Puts off- avert, avoid, stave off, cast aside, defer, postpone
- Reproach- disdain, scorn, spurn, mock, disparagement
- At one stroke- Instant effect in a single action
- Twined- pull, jerk, tug, twist, twitch, pinch, squeeze
- Angelus- the bells in the tower above tolled the first Angelus
- Bearing on- touch, relate, come to, pertain, refer, concern, touch on, continue, preserve, and carry on
- Vive La France- long live France
The Last Lesson Theme & Messages
In this chapter, Mr m Hamel shows the greatness of his mother tongue. Due to his mother tongue French, there is a feeling of patriotism in the people there. We get this message from this chapter, and we should respect the culture of our mother tongue and protect it under any circumstances.
The Last Lesson Summary – and difficult word meaning can help you grasp the proper knowledge and full aggregate marks in English subjects’ CBSE board exams.